2015年考研[微博]马耳他语语法长难句精析(大器晚成)

  第四天:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

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  考研朝鲜语长难句解析涉及到各类题型,考生要是能够准确的知情长难句,然后再组成各题型的技巧,考生在做题时就可以贯虱穿杨了,当然,最中央的词汇幼功是要贯穿到复习的各种阶段,近些日子考生有了必然的词汇底子,而且对于底子语法也可以有自然的打听,可是境遇长难句时就麻烦入手,上边老师给考面生享下什么精析长难句。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有须要熟谙长难句的花色甚至它们各自的重大。明日先介绍长难句的握住方法,再提交一些天下第后生可畏的句子,建议熟读以致背诵,以成功考试时遇上相符句子就会掀起重大。

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  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument
that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the
assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument
that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under
smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  生龙活虎、 长难句日常应对战术

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有要求熟谙长难句的连串以致它们各自的首要。下边给出一些一级的句子,建议熟读以至背诵,以变成考试时遇上形似句子就能引发重大。

  深入解析:本句的定语从句非常多,首先要分清主干,然后依据从句调解语序:since后的中坚是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that教导的是定语从句修饰argument,if教导的是原则状语从句,if后的着力是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption,
whereas后的着力是:an argument may well be stable. 个中that是教导argument的定语从句,under前边的是状语。

  1.从句又多又长:三个主句带三个从句,从句中又满含从句

  1、复合句

  参谋翻译:地军事学家有理由顾忌准确的争辨,假设依据那些商量的比如发生变化,那么那几个值得信赖的座谈就能够错失它兼具的威力,然则在秘密的如若下,那些虽不许确但还值得信任的切磋只怕如故值得忧虑。

  应对措施:先抓宗旨,找寻复杂句中最宗旨的主谓宾,再层层张开

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal。

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a
nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers
new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network
operators。

  2.句子中蕴藏长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是哪个人说的依然是说话人的位置,或表达、表达前边的开始和结果

  [组织深入分析]

  剖析:本句的为主是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in
mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile
television,在同位语从句中冒出whichoffers new opportunities to
device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators.
辅导的定语从句,补充表达nascent industry。

  应对格局:精通句子主干时,先不理睬插入语,等把主句的意味看完整,然后再看插入成分

  本句的中坚是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When引导四个时光状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是多个同仁一视分句,表示原因,当中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable指引状语从句,表示妥协。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是花样主语,后边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是当真的主语。

  参考翻译:他聊起了群众对运动TV的宏大兴趣,那是贰个在邮电通讯和传播媒介世界有时有时无的新兴行业,它给设备创造商、电视机内容制小编以至移动网络运维商提供了新的机会。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的搅拌

  1.从句又多又长,所以很有要求熟谙长难句的类型以致它们各自的根本。  [仿照效法译文]

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version
of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with
television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased
for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  应对情势:主句最重大的性状正是有整机的主谓结构,非常是独自的谓语部分。叁个相仿句子的构造,若无独立的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,能够先跳过不看

  当艺术上的大器晚成项国民党的新生活运动动达到自然流行水平日,最佳先弄清该活动倡导者的目标,因为,无论他们的写作条件在前天一言以蔽之多么牵强、多么荒诞,在今后这个理论有非常大大概会被视为符合规律的事物。

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  4. 二种景况的交集

  2、并列句

  拆解解析:本句比较长,现身了非定语从句的相间结构,本句的主导是:Apple
Computer is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range
of shows…,现身了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod
portable music-player in October,指导的定语从句修饰Apple
Computer。That指点的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”,
“Desperate Housewives”and “Law &Order”作陪伴状语,注脚range
ofshows的具体内容。

  应对方式:之前向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,进而区分出主句和分词状语,再依赖主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩张精晓,插入语在哪个档案的次序,就放在哪个档案的次序精通

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner。

  参照他事他说加以考察翻译:与此同有的时候间,苹果Computer公司在十一月售卖了风度翩翩款能够观望TV的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该厂商大大帮忙了电视机互联网扩充其得以供客商购买的、用于在活动终端的节目范围,

  二、 特殊句型

  [布局解析]

  包罗《迷失》、《绝望的主妇》以至《法律与秩序》。

  对于特别句型,如设想语气,能够将其领会成大器晚成种反事实要是,也正是笔者的眼光和姿态与之相反。对于分隔结构来讲,其基本常常在破折号、逗号和定语从句之外,阅读时得以先跳过修饰成分。对于涉及结构,要学会寻觅第二有的,因为第二有的一时是句子的主要性。如在not…but…之中,入眼在but…从此。

  那也是三个并列句,富含五个分句。第一个分句的主干是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,此中whether指引叁个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;首个分句的中坚是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth。此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货品”,但在本文中,小编以为找专业正是推销本身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的趣味是“(求职者的)经历或技艺”。

  以上就是我们与考生疏享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做那上头的演练题,稳步通晓深入深入分析长难句的技艺。

  三、具体句子

  [参照译文]

  2014年考研克罗地亚(Croatia卡塔尔国语语法长难句精析(二)

  1.复合句

  与您讲讲时,或许变为你现在组长的人会假造你所受的指导、你的经历和您的此外经历是还是不是在雇佣你现在会给她带给益处。你的“经验”和力量必需层序明显、合理连贯地呈现出来。

  考生在分析立陶宛(Lithuania卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎语长难句时要在乎语法在句子中的“混合搭配”,对于综合语法的采纳,考生要有能识别的慧眼,上面老师给考生详细深入分析:

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  3、定语从句

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace
that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a
battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  [参谋译文]

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders。

  拆解深入分析:本句不是相当短,结构比较明晰,主句为Some technologies do indeed
improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as
穆尔’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;前边的
which教导非节制性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as Moore’s
law,which在从句中作主语。

  当艺术上的风流浪漫项新活动到达一定流行水日常,最佳先弄清该运动倡导者的指标,因为,无论他们的小说原则在前不久总的来说多么牵强、多么荒诞,在今后那几个理论有望会被视为符合规律的事物。

  [结构剖判]

  仿照效法译文:的确,有个别工夫的进步是以生龙活虎种可预测的节奏进行着,它们坚决守护穆尔定律般轻松的公式,好比是半导体育工作业的行动安顿。

  [结构剖析]

  本句是多少个并列排在一条线句,以and连接;第贰个分句的宗旨是The change met the
technical requirements…,后边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的不二秘技;第二个分句的骨干是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前边的that引导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的意味是“雇,聘”。

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell
your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in
theold-fashioned way。

  本句的中坚是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When引导一个时光状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是一个一视同仁分句,表示原因,在那之中for前面包车型大巴however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable教导状语从句,表示妥胁。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是花样主语,前边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是当真的主语。

  [参照他事他说加以侦查译文]

  深入剖判:本句是and教导的五个并列分句。注意前一分句简单了和后一分句相同的主语they(指代互连网发卖商)。同一时间也能够知晓为是:祈使句+and+平常以后时,后一分句中,they
will sell your nameimmediately to local
dealerships是主句,关系代词which引导定语从句whichwill then harass you in
the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  2.并列句

  通过任用大批量的营生人才,那后生可畏调换满意了新时代的技巧要求,防止了频率下落——在过去,这种频率减弱平时使亲族企业在充满活力的创办实业者随后的第二代或第三代毁掉全体资金财产。

  参照他事他说加以考查译文:互连网出卖商通过拜访大批量的网址去搜求大器晚成都部队车,然后就能够把你的名字提必要本地的中间商,那又会令你重返到此前这种购内衣模特式所拉动的忧虑中。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  4、名词性从句

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s,
according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be
lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  [参照译文]

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request。

  解析:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early
2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be
lower than they are today in 50
countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“建议”,且从句里使用了相比级。

  与您说话时,大概造成你今后业主的人会构思你所受的教导、你的经验和你的别的阅历是或不是在雇佣你之后会给他带给好处。你的“经验”和工夫必得有次序、合理连贯地突显出来。

  [结构深入分析]

  参谋译文:联合国关于报告提议,即便是友好邻邦,到2030年前期人口也将上马依次减少。那份报告同期还提出,到2050年,将有五十三个国家的人数低于今天的水准。

  [布局拆解剖判]

  本句的基本是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion后边的that引导一个同位语从句,表明notion的具体内容;同位语从句的为主是the
information…comes there…,个中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video
games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent
criminals.        

  那也是四个并列句,饱含八个分句。第1个分句的中央是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,在这之中whether教导一个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;首个分句的主导是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth.此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、物品”,但在本文中,小编以为找工作正是推销自身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的意趣是“(求职者的)涉世或能力”。

  [参照译文]

  深入分析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge
modern criticism of
videogames,当中表语是how教导的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused
ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video
games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要静心这里运用了被动语态be
accused of,在翻译时大家译成主动。

  3.定语从句

  互连网文化极度尊重那样风姿罗曼蒂克种意见:出以后客商荧屏上的新闻应该是基于客户特定必要发送过来的。

  参照他事他说加以调查译文:对于当今有难题这几个指控电视机娱乐使青年造成暴力罪人的商量者们,历史最终也将对他们作出相近的批判。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders.

  5、状语从句

  以上就是导师与大家分享的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真总括句子中的语法,多练习,熟识明白。

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening。

  (小说来源:文都教育)

  通过任用多量的专门的学业人才,这生龙活虎更改满足了新时期的工夫须求,幸免了功用减弱——在过去,这种频率下落平日使亲族集团在充满活力的创办实业者事后的第二代或第三代毁掉全部财产。

  [组织深入分析]

  [协会解析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,在这之中第二个分句的为主是many
say…,say前面包车型地铁一些是宾语从句,此中还含有叁个as教导的投降状语从句。

  本句是三个并列句,以and连接;第叁个分句的为主是The change met the
technical requirements…,前边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表明met the technical requirements of the
new age的艺术;首个分句的主导是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面的that引导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的意趣是“雇,聘”。

  [参照译文]

  4.名词性从句

  花费者们看上去只是微微忧郁,而还没紧张,比很多主顾说即便她们正在把开荒压缩一点,可是他们对经济的持久前程依然维持乐观。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  6、特殊结构

  [参照译文]

  (1)强调句

  互联网文化非常正视那样风流洒脱种意见:出今后客户荧屏上的音讯应该是依据客商特定须求发送过来的。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating。

  [布局深入分析]

  [布局拆解深入分析]

  本句的宗旨是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion前边的that引导一个同位语从句,表达notion的具体内容;同位语从句的主旨是the
information…comes there…,当中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  那是贰个强调句,基本结构是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,在那之中的中央词是suffering,有三个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那一个词除了是被重申的一些外,依旧背后that辅导的从句的主语;在that指导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of辅导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)那个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的性子。

  5.状语从句

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening.

  或者正是因为人类长期以来受到旱灾和涝灾摆布的切身痛苦,才使她们制伏洪涝的精良显得如此令人神往。

  [参照译文]

  (2)倒装结构

  开销者们看上去只是有些顾忌,而并未紧张,超多主顾说尽管她们正在把开荒压缩一点,然则他们对经济的遥远前途依旧维持乐天。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West。

  [协会解析]

  [布局分析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,在那之中第三个分句的主干是many
say…,say前面包车型大巴意气风发部分是宾语从句,当中还带有一个as教导的折衷状语从句。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身部分倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐利用,相当于最高档。dramatize此处的野趣是“出色体现,使…戏剧化”。

  6.破例结构

  [参谋译文]

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating.

  一九八零年U.S.的人普数据表明,未有哪位地点比U.S.A.最西部更能优异展现意大利人想搜索更平淡无奇的生存空间。

  [参照他事他说加以考察译文]

  (3)相比较结构

  可能正是因为人类长久以来受到旱灾和涝灾摆布的难熬,才使她们制伏内涝的杰出显得如此别有天地。

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English。

  [组织深入分析]

  [结构拆解深入分析]

  这是二个重申句,基本构造是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,在那之中的中央词是suffering,有多个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那么些词除了是被重申的某些外,如故背后that辅导的从句的主语;在that辅导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of辅导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)那么些定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的性状。

  本句是叁个同仁一视句,满含七个以and连接的分句,个中第二个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and
no more regrettable,那生龙活虎部分作上述宾语的补足语,最终是比较结构no
more… than… (像…相近不…)。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West.

  [参照译文]

  [参照他事他说加以调查译文]

  Mike沃特先生的学术擅长是语言史和语言变化。举个例子来说,他感觉“whom”生机勃勃词的逐年消退是很自然的,像古英中词格结尾的破灭相通不令人惋惜。

  1979年United States的人口普遍检查数据注明,未有哪个地点比美利哥最西边更能突出展现德国人想搜寻更广阔的生存空间。

  (4)分隔结构

  [组织剖析]

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身部分倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐使用,约等于最高档。dramatize此处的意味是“杰出体现,使…戏剧化”。

  [组织拆解深入分析]

  7.分隔结构

  本句的核心是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前边的however表示本句与前一句产生相比较,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,当中with regard to的意思是“关于…”;
for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是一个同等对待分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature; for后边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥胁,作状语;破折号之间的生龙活虎对even admitting that…
也是迁就状语,当中that 辅导叁个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又满含定语从句on which it is based。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature.

  [参考译文]

  [参考译文]

  不过就今后主义随想来讲,情状就很难说了,因为随意现在主义杂谈是何许——就算承认其论理功底是未可厚非的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  不过就以后主义杂文而言,情形就很难说了,因为不论是以往主义杂文是怎么样——尽管承认其论理幼功是不利的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  来源:万学海文

  [组织深入分析]

  本句的着力是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前边的however表示本句与前一句产生相比,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,此中with regard
to的意趣是“关于…”;for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是叁个并列分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature;for前边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥协,作状语;破折号之间的风度翩翩对even admitting that…
也是妥胁状语,当中that 指点叁个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又饱含定语从句on which it is based。

  8.事关结构

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag
has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who
advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus
to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [参照译文]

  一九九六年进展的风度翩翩项音信考察注脚,反科学的标签还被贴在其余过多团体身上——从主持清除最终剩余的种种天花病毒的部门,到主持降低调研经费的共和党人。

  [协会分析]

  本句的大旨是A survey…reveals
that…,主语是survey,谓语是reveals,前面包车型大巴that指点叁个宾语从句,其主旨是:the
antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as
well,前边的局地是from和to连接的八个名词:from authorities…to
Republicans…,表达other
groups的内容,而多少个名词前边各自带三个定语从句,都由who教导。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in
inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world
views between reporters and their readers.

  [参照他事他说加以侦察译文]

  读者对音信媒体令人愕然的不相信任实际不是来自广播发表失实或通信本领很糟糕,而是来自采访者和读者之间世界观的日常冲突。

  [结构深入分析]

  本句的为主是distrust … isn’t rooted in… but in…
(不相信赖的源点不是…而是…),在那之中be rooted in…
的意味是“根源在于…”。注意:那是生龙活虎种独特句式,器重在but之后的片段。

  9.难词与词组

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English.

  [参考译文]

  迈克Wat先生的学术长于是语言史和言语变化。比如来佛讲,他感觉“whom”后生可畏词的逐月覆灭是很自然的,象古俄语中词格结尾的熄灭相近不令人缺憾。

  [结构分析]

  本句是叁个并列句,富含三个以and连接的分句,在那之中第1个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and no
more regrettable,那风姿罗曼蒂克局地作上述宾语的补足语,最终是比较结构no more…
than… (象…相似不…)。

  10.指代

  “The term ‘antiscience’ can lump together too many, quite different
things,” notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993
work Science and Anti-Science, “They have in common only one thing that
they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more
enlightened.”

  [参照译文]

  麻省理经济高校教育学教授杰拉尔德•霍尔顿在她1992年出版的《科学和反科学》后生可畏书中提出:“‘反科学’意气风发词把太多特别不平等的剧情同日而道——而这几个内容独有一点是同台的,这正是它们往往惹恼大概劫持到那么些自以为比外人知识越来越多的人。”

  [布局拆解深入分析]

  本句是二个平昔引语,说话人是Harvard University philosopher Gerald
霍尔特on,动词note在这里间的意味是“建议”。直接引语的第一片段是个大概句,在那之中lump
together的字面意思是“把…一概而论,把…归拢到一齐”。间接引语的第二某个相比复杂,主干是They
have in common only one thing…,that they tend to annoy or threaten
those…是同位语从句,表达先行词one
thing的具体内容,此中those带有二个修饰它的定语从句who regard themselves
as more
enlightened。这一片段的困难之一是代词的代替难点:第三个they指代直接引语第风度翩翩有个其余too
many, quite different
things,因为they平常代表复数名词;第叁个they也是相通;themselves就近指代前面包车型地铁those,指人。要咬定指代关系,可以依据“单复数”和“就近原则”等专门的学问举行,然后将规定的代表对象代入,看是还是不是流畅和合乎逻辑。

  (本文撰写时参照他事他说加以考查了李传伟编著的《2008年报考硕士土耳其共和国语真题长难句突破》和《2009年报考硕士罗马尼亚(România卡塔尔语阅读真题全方位突破》)

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